Termites. To homeowners, this can be one of the most terrifying words in the book. Termites have gained the notorious nickname of “the silent home killer.” This is because they can be so stealthy that many home and building owners don’t even realize they’re there until a significant amount of damage has been done. Termites are known to cause billions of dollars in damage every year. That’s why it’s important for you to know the signs of different types of termites so you can stay proactive about protecting your home.
Types of Termites
It’s important to know the difference between the most common types of termites in Florida. These common types of termites actually have different warning signs, as their lifestyles are different from each other. The three most common types of termites are subterranean termites, drywood termites, and dampwood termites.
Signs of Subterranean Termites
Subterranean termites are one of the most common types of termite in Florida. They make their homes underground in damp, loose soil. They create special tunnels that they use to travel back and forth from above ground, where they forage for food.
Signs of subterranean termites may include:
- Piles of wings that resemble fish scales, which are shed during mating season
- Mud tubes, or tunnels that are formed on structures like exterior walls and crawl spaces
- Buckling wood and ceilings and floors that appear swollen
- A scent that resembles the scent of mold or mildew.
Signs of Drywood Termites
As indicated by the name, drywood termites make their homes in dry wood, inside the structures where they feed. This means that they can be found inside walls or furniture, where they create a series of tunnels that are similar to a maze.
Signs of drywood termites may include:
- Small piles of fecal pellets that are kicked out of tunnels and therefore collect outside
- Small kick holes in wood, through which fecal pellets are discarded
- Cracking of veneer that reveals maze-like tunnels underneath
- Swarms of winged termites during mating season, especially in warm or rainy weather
Signs of Dampwood Termites
Dampwood termites also live inside the wood on which they feed. But as indicated by the name once again, these termites make their homes in damp, moist wood as opposed to dry wood. The wood may even be decaying. They are more commonly found in buildings where wood makes direct contact with soil, or in areas that may have leaky pipes or other excess moisture. Dampwood termites are often much more difficult to detect, as they don’t show the same warning signs as subterranean or drywood termites.
Signs of dampwood termites may include:
- Fecal pellets that have been used to seal termite galleries from the outside, which stick to the outside of damp wood
- Swarming males and females during mating season, and fish-like scales in areas like windowsills